Agrochemical residue-biota interactions in soil and aquatic ecosystems
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Agrochemical residue-biota interactions in soil and aquatic ecosystems proceedings and report of a combined advisory group meeting and research co-ordination meeting on agrochemical residue-biota interactions in soil and water

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Published by International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Pesticides -- Environmental aspects -- Congresses.,
  • Agricultural chemicals -- Environmental aspects -- Congresses.,
  • Soil ecology -- Congresses.,
  • Freshwater ecology -- Congresses.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Statementorganized by the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Atomic Energy in Food and Agriculture and held in Vienna 28 August-2 September 1978.
SeriesPanel proceedings series / International Atomic Energy Agency, Panel proceedings series.cy)
ContributionsJoint FAO/IAEA Division of Atomic Energy in Food and Agriculture.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQH545.P4 A42
The Physical Object
Pagination305 p. :
Number of Pages305
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3843980M
LC Control Number81160100

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Invariably, all specimens contained DDE and PCBs and in many instances also DDT, DDD and BHC isomers. A study of the kinetics of the organophosphorus compound parathion in an experimental fishpond ecosystem revealed a rapid bioconcentration of the chemical in algae, zooplankton, aquatic invertebrates and by: 4.   Soil microbial enzymatic activities are the indicators of soil biological health, fertility, and chemical status. Agrochemicals incorporated in the soil eradicate beneficial soil microbes which are involved in important enzymatic components like chain of reactions that play vital role in synchronizing important chemical processes in by: 6. On the other hand, many microbes in the soil have the ability to degrade or metabolize the agrochemical pollutants in the soil to ensure the soil health. Soil microorganisms have intrinsic nature for rapid degradation processes and genetic adaptation to chemicals in the environment. Immediate action in the form of strategic plans, economic incentives, public awareness and stakeholder involvement should be taken for the management and restoration of water resources and aquatic ecosystems. The management of water resources and aquatic ecosystems needs proper land management and sustainable implementation of land practices and holistic sense to identify the Author: Sufia Irfan, Aishah Mohammed Motir Alatawi.

The residues lead to long-term ill effects on the health of organisms that consume them. For example, pesticide residues in food have been linked to being one of the causes of asthma in humans. Effect on Soil: They may kill helpful bacteria. Increase nitrate content in soil. Alter pH levels. Kill soil organisms. These substances can be transported and transformed by different processes, whose transformation by-products can cause adverse effects on man, as well as damages to the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Several studies have shown the presence of residues of several chemical substances in the air, water, soil, food and organisms in by: Balancing conflicting urban and agricultural water demands. Influence of air and ground-water and surface-water interactions on water quality. Effects of agricultural drainage, irrigation, and return flow on water quality. Development and implementation of innovative farming techniques to conserve soil and water and to improve water quality. Agrochemical Residue-biota Interactions in Soil and Aquatic Ecosystems. Vienna, 28 Aug.–2 Sep. Panel Proceedings Series - International Atomic Energy Agency No. STI/PUB/ ¦ ¦ € ¦ Date published:

Relationship between water solubility, soil sorption, octanol-water partitioning and concentration of chemicals in biota. Dans Aquatic Toxicology. Proceedings of the third annual symposium on aquatic toxicology, edité par J.G. Eaton, P.R. Parrish et A.C. Hendricks. Agrochemical residue-biota interactions in soil and aquatic ecosystems: proceedings and report of a combined advisory group meeting and research co-ordination meeting on agrochemical residue-biota interactions in soil and water organized by the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Atomic Energy in Food and Agriculture and held in Vienna 28 August-2 September INTERACTIONS: FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND ENVIRONMENT - Vol. into the atmosphere thousands of tons of water from each hectare. Thus, a hectare planted with corn consumes 3, tons of water. To grow 1 kg of a dry wheat grain, it is necessary to use kg of water. Agrochemicals (agricultural chemicals, agrichemicals) are the various chemical products that are used in agriculture. In most cases, the term agrochemical refers to the broad range of pesticide chemicals, including insecticide chemicals, herbicide chemicals, fungicide chemicals, and nematicides chemicals (chemicals used to kill round worms).